This article focuses on Israeli male same-sex family, as a case study which provides an opportunity to understand the relationships between LGBT family, parenthood and the state. Based on the analysis of 39 in-depth semi-structured interviews with gay fathers, we show that although gay fathers use homonormative discourse they resist homonationalist ideology. This gap reflects the tension between compliance and subversion that shapes their experiences and accounts as well as their relationship with dominant ideology. The duality between acceptance and subversion enables the practise of subversion from within, thus revealing that subversion and compliance may co-exist.
The co-existence of these categories offers an alternative to nationalistic ideology; trying to challenge it from within. Infertility, impotence, and emasculation-Psychosocial contexts for abandoning reproduction. From a Darwinian perspective we live to reproduce, but in various situations genetic males elect not to reproduce by choosing medical treatments leading to infertility, impotence, and, in the extreme, emasculation.
For many men, infertility can be psychologically distressing. However, for certain genetic males, being infertile may improve their quality of life. Examples include 1 men who seek vasectomy, 2 individuals with Gender Dysphoria e. In contrast, prostate and testicular cancer patients, along with individuals with extreme Gender Dysphoria, do not necessarily seek to be sterile, but accept it as an unavoidable consequence of the treatment for their condition undertaken for survival in case of cancer patients or to achieve a better quality of life for those with Gender Dysphoria.
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Most gay men do not father children, but they may play an avuncular role, providing for their siblings' offspring's welfare, thus improving their inclusive fitness through kin selection. Surrogacy is becoming an increasingly popular way for gay men to start a family. Those choosing surrogacy must navigate intensive medical procedures, complex interpersonal dynamics, legal maneuverings, and a society that views parenting through a heteronormative lens.
With so many unknowns, the need to reduce uncertainty is significant. Online communities offer a starting point, providing information, advice, and classified ads for matching with a surrogate.
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This investigation employs a qualitative framework for understanding how strategic messaging in online ads featured on surromomsonline. Analysis identified common themes in ads posted by gay intended parents. Uncertainty reduction theory provides a theoretical framework for understanding how these communication strategies function to reduce uncertainty and facilitate the communication process. The results illustrate that for gay intended parents seeking surrogates, strategic messaging is utilized to reduce uncertainty associated with relationship stability and commitment, financial strength, social support from extended networks, and the ability to navigate the legal and logistical concerns associated with surrogacy and parenting.
The findings offer new insights into the gay surrogacy journey. Technologies of Enchantment: Commercial Surrogacy and Egg Donation in India. Michaela Stockey-Bridge. The chapter describes intending parents IPs narrative accounts of their experiences of egg donation and surrogacy in India. IPs describe non-technological selection in their narratives of family formation, referred to in this chapter as selective moments. IPs emotional investments in these moments are highlighted in the narratives of selecting gamete donors and surrogate mothers. Drawing on data from two different groups of participants, the chapter examines how selective moments differ for gay men and heterosexual couples.
The thread that connects all the instances discussed is the emotion embedded in the selective processes involved in commercial surrogacy as conveyed by Australian IPs. Between the Social and the Personal: Feb This work focuses on the effects of dominant concepts of parenthood and gender on gay men who became parents through surrogacy.
Based on the analysis of 39 in-depth, semistructured interviews with gay fathers, we show that gay fathers' parenting experiences are shaped by the heteronormative discourse on parenthood, yet they resist its gendered attributes. Gay parenthood is revealed as confronting the social concepts on parenthood, in particular on motherhood, and their socio-political meanings. The tension between the social concepts and the participants' perceptionsy leads them to confront their social environment and to construct alternative discourse to the social discourse of parenthood and gender, suggesting that gay parenthood subverts under existing concepts of parenthood, gender and their meanings within the state.
Muslim and gay: seeking identity coherence in New Zealand.
This chapter further discusses the risk and health disparities faced by individuals who identify as LGBT, recommendations for preventive screening, routine gynecologic care, family building, fertility and reproduction in order to improve care for LGBT patients. For love or money? Australian attitudes to financially compensated commercial surrogacy.
Australian law allows for altruistic surrogacy but prohibits compensation of surrogates beyond their expenses, or the use of professional surrogacy agencies. These restrictions limit local access to surrogacy, driving Australians overseas where they can access commercial surrogacy. To assess the Australian public's views regarding the use of gestational surrogacy under various social and medical scenarios, together with their level of support for financial compensation of surrogates and the use of professional surrogacy agencies.
Materials and methods: Online survey of Australians of reproductive age years regarding views on surrogacy and acceptable levels of compensation, conducted during January In relation to compensation, most believed that payment should be determined by negotiation between the surrogate and commissioning parents, while also supporting additional payments for 'hardship' pregnancies.
Gays Seeking Asylum in U.S. Encounter a New Hurdle
The majority of Australians support surrogacy, compensation for surrogates and professional surrogacy agencies. Therefore, the existing legal restrictions should be replaced with professional guidelines that protect the surrogate and commissioning parents, while also improving Australians' access to surrogacy. Single gay fathers via surrogacy: Dec Tsfati Maya Ben-Ari Adital. The present study focuses on the experiences and constructed meanings of Israeli single gay fathers via surrogacy. Based on the analysis of 11 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with single gay fathers via surrogacy, we show that their parenting experiences are shaped in contradictory ways, allowing them to adopt a reflective position in relation to the dominant familial model.
Data from in-depth interviews reveals two themes: The first: The second: Dec Pediatr Clin. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender LGBT , and questioning youth represent a diverse population who are affected by many sexual health inequities, including increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus HIV and sexually transmitted infections STIs. To provide comprehensive sexual health care for LGBT youth, providers should set the stage with a nonjudgmental, respectful tone. Sexual health visits should also focus on prevention, including safer sex practices, HIV pre-exposure and post-exposure prophylaxis, family planning, and immunization for hepatitis and human papillomavirus.
Primary Care, Prevention, and Coordination of Care. In this chapter, we describe how primary care providers PCPs play a crucial role in delivering high quality, cost-effective, patient-centered care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT patients. We discuss the importance of PCPs recognizing patient autonomy in self-identification as the basis for an open and trusting patient—provider relationship.
We emphasize how that relationship promotes whole-person care and describe how PCPs can utilize effective verbal and written communication that reflect sensitivity to LGBT patients. We describe evidence-based health promotion and preventive health recommendations for LGBT patients, including physical, mental, and emotional health considerations, immunizations, and screening tests. We explain the need for PCPs to critically evaluate and apply current and emerging medical information to optimize care for LGBT patients.
We emphasize that PCPs must be aware of the emotional and mental health impacts of societal stigma, recognize that many LGBT patients define family broadly, and advocate for quality care. We provide several advocacy strategies such as identifying consultants who are knowledgeable about and sensitive to LGBT patient care needs, as well as coordinating patient care within the health system by collaborating with LGBT community resources. Mapping men's anticipations and experiences in the reproductive realm: In fertility journeys.
It presents findings from two qualitative research projects on men's experiences of engagement with reproductive health services as they sought to become fathers and anticipate impending fatherhood. The findings from both projects provide insights into men's experiences of in fertility and their engagement with services set against cultural ideals of masculinity.
Discussions of reproduction have historically focused most centrally upon women's bodies and maternal processes, leaving little space for consideration of men's experiences and perspectives. This context provides a difficult terrain for men in which to contemplate the potential of not being able to father a child. The findings discussed in this paper illuminate the ways in which men talk about and make sense of their reproductive journeys.
Men seeking sex on an intergenerational gay Internet website: an exploratory study.
In doing so, it challenges current understandings of masculinity and reproductive bodies and highlights the need to rethink how men are treated in reproductive spheres and how services to men are delivered. Show more. Surrogate pregnancy: Lesbian Mothers: Accounts of Gender in American Culture. Ellen Lewin. Diversity, tradition and family: Australian same-sex attracted parents and their families.
This paper describes the diversity of family forms within a sample of families parented by same-sex couples and same-sex attracted sole parents from Australia and New Zealand. Around one-third of this sample had conceived at least one of their children while in a previous heterosexual relationship.
The remaining two-thirds had conceived at least one child within a same-sex relationship or while they were single. Among this group, the largest proportion was women who conceived using home-based self-insemination with a known donor. A smaller proportion of women had conceived through clinic-based insemination or assisted reproduction with a known or unknown donor.